self-creation, autonomy, self-reflection, self-creation competencies, shaping oneself, self-formation, transgression, creativeness


The aim of the presented article is to draw attention to the considerations related to self-formation, which are more and more vivid in the pedeutological discourse. Constant professional development in the teaching professions determines the effectiveness of teaching as students’ achievements depend mainly on teacher’s skills. Contemporary expectations towards teachers are definitely different than years ago. It results from changing reality, which imposes the necessity to constantly increase one's own competencies, not only the professional ones, but mainly those related to personal development. Personal growth is a significant aspect of professional development. Managing one's own development (self-creation) assumes that a man is a self-creator and the space of self-creation is a new method of experiencing the world and one's place in it. The article analyses the determinants of the self-creation process and its structure as well as the transgressive behaviours involved in the process. The analysis of the teacher's functioning as a co-creator of himself is embedded in the trend of the concept of humanistic, emancipatory and cognitive psychology.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Mirosława Żmudzka, WSG University 2 Garbary Str.85-229 Bydgoszcz Republic of Poland



Bobiński, W.(2019). Observation - Reflection - Action...Teacher Education - commited to the challenge. In: W. Bobiński, J. Sujecka-Zając (Ed.) Teacher Education - commited to the challenge. (published in Polish) Kraków: Fundacja Dobrej Edukacji,pp.67-84
Cybal-Michalska, A. (2013). Academic youth and professional career. (published in Polish) Kraków: Impuls.
Czerepaniak-Walczak, M. (1997). Aspects and sources of professional reflection of the teacher. (published in Polish) Toruń: Wydawnictwo EDYTOR.
Dubas, E. (2011). ‘I have a few lives’ - learning from my own biography (in the light of the analysis of one interview). In E. Dubas & W. Świtalski (Ed.). Learning from your (own) biography (pp.197-213). (published in Polish) Łódź: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego.
Deci, E.L. & Ryan, R.M. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development and well-being. American Psychologist, 55(1), 68-78.
Dudzikowa, M.(1993). Self-creation competences of school youth. In Education, education technology, media. (published in Polish) Poznań: Polski Dom Wydawniczy „Ławica”.
Dudzikowa, M.(2007). Think for yourself ... Mini-seasons for the class teacher. (published in Polish) Gdańsk: Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne.
Dylak, S. (1995). Visualization in teachers’ education. (published in Polish) Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM.
Gałdowa A. (1990). Development and criteria of personal maturity. Psychological Review, 33(1), 13-27. (published in Polish)
Giza T. (2008). Self-shaping processes as human transgressive activities. (published in Polish) In I. Pufal-Struzik (Ed.). On crossing the limits of one's own limitations from the perspective of psychotransgressionism. (published in Polish) Kraków: Oficyna Wydawnicza Impuls.
Górniewicz J. (1993). Self-realization and creative talents of youth. Concept review and empirical study. (published in Polish) Toruń: Wydawnictwo UMK.
Harwas-Napierała, B. & Trempała, J. (2000). Psychology of human development. Volume 2. Characteristics of the periods of human life. (published in Polish) Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
Jančina M. & Kubicka, D. (2014). Managing one’s own development. The theoretical context of the phenomenon. Developmental Psychology, Vol.19, No. 4, pp. 31-48. (published in Polish)
Kozielecki J. (2000). Human psychological concepts. (published in Polish) Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Akademickie Żak.
Kozielecki, J. (2004). Transgressive society. Opportunity and risk. (published in Polish) Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Akademickie Żak.
Kozłowska, M. (2010). On the need to shape adults' self-creative competences. The Andragogical Yearbook, pp. 174-181. (published in Polish)
Kukiełczyńska, K. (2000). Creative process as therapy through art. Scientific Notebook of the Academy of Music in Wrocław, no.72, p. 53 (published in Polish)
Kwaśnica, R. (2003) Introduction to thinking about the teacher. In Z. Kwieciński & B. Śliwerski (Ed.). Education. Academic textbook. Volume 2. (published in Polish) Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
Kwiatkowska, H.(Ed.). (1994). Evolution of the identity of pedagogy. (published in Polish) Warszawa: Polskie Towarzystwo Pedagogiczne.
Kwiatkowska, H.(2008). Pedeutology. (published in Polish) Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Akademickie i Profesjonalne.
Lasocińska , K. (2014). Autobiography as self-creation. Creative Aspects of Autobiographical Thinking in Adult Education. In E. Dubas & J. Stelmaszczyk. Educational biographies. Selected contexts. (published in Polish) Łódź: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego. DOI:
May R. (1995). On the essence of the human being. Sketches on existential psychology. (published in Polish) Poznań: Dom Wydawniczy Rebis.
Maxwell B.(2019) To What extent do teachers have professional autonomy?https://www.academia/edu/12891872/To…what…extent…do…teachers…have…professional…autonomy(dostęp: 09.09. 2019)
Mróz A. (2008). Human personal development. (published in Polish) Lublin, Towarzystwo Naukowe KUL.
Nowak- Dziemianowicz, M.(2008). ‘The great loser of the present day’. Polish teacher as the subject and subject of education. In P. Rudnicki, B. Kutrowska & M. Nowak_Dziemianowicz (Ed.). Teacher - Mission or Profession? Social and professional aspects of the role (pp. 129-162). (published in Polish) Wrocław: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Dolnośląskiej Szkoły Wyższej.
Obuchowski, K. (2000). From the object to the subject. (published in Polish) Bydgoszcz: Akademia Bydgoska im Kazimierza Wielkiego.
Oelszlaeger- Kosturek B.(2020) Teacher self-reflection in early childhood education. Practice insight. (published in Polish) Katowice: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
Pawlak, J. (2009). Self-creation. Psychological analysis of the phenomenon and its importance for human development. (published in Polish) Kraków: Wydawnictwo WAM.
Pietrasiński Z. (1988). Development from the perspective of its subject. In M. Tyszkowa (Ed.). Human mental development during life. Theoretical and methodological issues (p. 80-119). (published in Polish) Warszawa: PWN.
Pietrasiński, Z. (1990). Adult development. (published in Polish) Warszawa: Wiedza Powszechna.
Pietrasiński, Z. (2008). Expansion of beautiful minds. A new renaissance and an invigorating self-creation. (published in Polish) Warszawa: Wydawnictwo CIS.
Popielski, K. (2007). The sense of the meaning of life as a significant existential experience and a developmental need. In M. Dudzikowa & M. Czerepaniak-Walczak (Ed.). Education. Concepts, Processes, Contexts. Volume 2. (published in Polish) Gdańsk: Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne.
Popławska A.(2021). Teacher autonomy in a reformed school. In A. Karpińska, M. Zińczuk, K. Kowalczuk (Ed.) Teacher in the realities of modern school. (published in Polish) Białystok: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Białostockiego, DOI/: 10.15290/nwwre.2021
Potyrała K., Czerwiec K., Studnicki E.(2020). Teacher as a scientist, a didactician and a reflective practitioner. (published in Polish) Kraków: Wydawnictwo Libron- Filip Lohner
Przewoźnik S.K.(2020) Universal and current dilemmas and paradoxes of a creative teacher. (published in Polish) Studia Pedagogica Ignatiana (online) 9th December T.23,nr 4,pp.49-65 (access 30.11.2021) DOI: 10.12775/SPI.2020.4.002
Rogers, C.R. (2002). On becoming oneself. (published in Polish) Poznań: Dom Wydawniczy Rebis.
Schulz, R.(1989). The teacher as an innovator. (published in Polish) Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Szkolne i Pedagogiczne.
Szumiec M.(2021) Personal growth as a crucial element of teacher professional development. (published in Polish) Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie- Skłodowska. Sectio, Pedagogy-psychology,34(1),9-23, DOI: 10.17951/j.2021.34.
Wróblewska, M. (2015). Creative competences in adulthood. (published in Polish) Białystok: Wydawnictwo Uniwersyteckie Trans Humana.
Wróblewska, M. (2018). Think yourself… Professor Maria Dudzikowa, realizing the concept of self-development. Parrhesia 2(10), pp. 21-34. (published in Polish)


Abstract views: 126



How to Cite

Żmudzka, M. (2021). MANAGING SELF-DEVELOPMENT (SELF-CREATION) BY THE TEACHER. The Modern Higher Education Review, (6), 114–128. Retrieved from